Victoria Road School

Victoria Road school has a curious history. Following the Education Act 1870, a school board for New Shoreham was established in 1872, taking over the National Schools and replacing them with a new school in Ham Road in 1875.

In 1915 older children went to the newly built Victoria Upper Council School on the site of the derelict and overgrown Swiss Gardens.

Comparison between 1910 and 1915. The site of the school as seen from the church tower. From the Marlipins Collection
Image from Britain from Above ©2020 https://britainfromabove.org.uk/en/search?keywords=shoreham&country=global&year=all
1927 shows the basic design and kitchen block. There was no hall.

The road that became Swiss Gardens in 1915 was previously just a pedestrian track. Even in 1927 Swiss Gardens ended at Freehold Street and it would be another 10 years before Connaught Avenue would be laid out. The photograph above shows the Grammar School Gymnasium in the foreground and the Meads unfenced all the way to Swiss Gardens.

The Headmaster, Oswald Ball presided over the school that had an average attendance of 200 in 1919.

Image from Britain from Above ©2020 https://britainfromabove.org.uk/en/search?keywords=shoreham&country=global&year=all
Modern day view compared with 1927. Note the school hall was a later addition. The cart shed in the Meads dates from the time of the Swiss and lasted until the 1990’s

Victoria Road School was also the site of Shoreham’s Library and Reading Room (1930-1938) prior to being relocated to New Road where the library occupied premises below St. Mary’s Hall until 1974 when it was relocated again to Pond Road.

In 1932 the Junior school gained a Hall and extensions to both wings. Note the Infant school plot was still tree-covered and was only developed a year after this photo of 1937

From 1937 senior boys went to Shoreham and Southwick Senior
Boys’ Council school, Middle Road; and senior girls to Shoreham and Southwick Senior Girls’ Council school, Southwick. With this change, the Ham Road school closed in 1938, and the new infant school built alongside the junior school. Both juniors and infants were accommodated in the extended Victoria Road site: the school buildings were re-styled Shoreham County Junior and Shoreham County Infant schools. During the Second World War the Meads was the location for air raid shelters for the schools… the ground marks still evident during droughts in recent years.

1946 Air raid shelters in the Meads and 5 curious structures in the Infant playground.

By 1937 the school was headed by Miss Ball, the daughter of the first Headmaster, Oswald Ball. Other teachers were Miss Ogden, Mrs Bratley, Mr. Baker, Mr Jones, and Mrs Kimble.

In the mid 50’s Miss Ball was still headmistress of Junior School. Mrs Burtenshaw was head of Infants. The names of some teaching staff were Miss Allcock 1952-53, Mr Filmer 53-54, Mr Ford 54-55, and Mr Jones 55-56.

In 1972 the Headmistress of infants was Mrs Barker. The staff in the late 1960’s and 70’s is generally regarded as a roll call of great teachers: Mr Ketley (Head of Juniors upto 1971), Mr Phillips (Head of Juniors from 1971), Miss Barrett, Mr Whittaker, Mr. Baker, Mrs Collins, Mrs Jackson, Mrs Grey, Mrs Alexander, Mrs Burtenshaw, Mr Filmer, Mrs Edgeler…

In 1974 the juniors were transferred to Buckingham County Junior school, Buckingham Road (which had opened in 1958) and the infant school expanded to take over the whole site as Shoreham County First School and later Swiss Gardens School.

Junior School 1983
Junior School building in 2020
Infant School 1983

The clues to the past: Swiss Pleasure Gardens


The original Swiss entrance in 1900 and the same position in 2020

If you look closely there are a few clues to the former use of the school site – the Swiss Gardens pleasure garden (1838 – 1910). The Lake is the most obvious, to the South of Swiss Gardens road. Hidden in the gardens of Homehaven Court is the remaining wall of the grand theatre.

c1914 looking North as they clear the site to make way for the new school. Note far right: the undulating boundary wall that you can still see in the Meads
1900 / 2020 The Infant school hall occupied the site of the Swiss Ballroom
2005 Could this be the stage back wall?

The tall boundary wall to the North between the school and the Meads, looks to be the original wall of 1838. This had an undulating top and a kink in its alignment (until part of it was pushed down in the 1990’s) . If you refer to the the poster illustration of 1875 it suggests this 12 – 15 foot wall was the back wall to a theatre-style open stage (to the right in the poster below). There were cart sheds / stables that are evident in early photos of the school. The cart shed in the Meads lasted until the 1990’s and whilst the boundary wall has been repaired many times it is possibly that is the only visible 1830’s structure left.

1875 poster – view looking West over the site now occupied by school carpark
2020 the same view today, looking West with old Swiss boundary wall at far right.

By the early 1900’s the site had been abandoned by the proprietor of the Swiss Gardens and local children explored the wild overgrown site. The derelict gardens lent themselves to painting and was inspiration for local artists. By 1915 the site was cleared and the new school replaced the wilderness.


Paul Osborne 2020

Images from writer’s collection, Diane Ruff, Sian Phillips, John Lyne, Sue Vincent, Aerofilms, https://maps.nls.uk/ BritainfromAbove, Marlipins Collection, British Museum.

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